- TB 675 2017 B4-61 General guidelines for HVDC electrode design
- TB 671 2016 B4-62 Connection of wind farms to weak AC networks
- TB 663 Guidelines for the procurement and testing of STATCOMS
- TB 657 2016 Guidelines for the preparation of "connection agreements" or "Grid Codes" for multi-terminal schemes and DC Grids
- TB 649 2016 GUIDELINES FOR LIFE EXTENSION OF EXISTING HVDC SYSTEMS
- TB 619 2015 HVDC CONNECTION OF OFFSHORE WIND POWER PLANTS
- TB 617 2015 HVDC LCC Converter Transformers - CONVERTER TRANSFORMER FAILURE SURVEY RESULTS FROM 2003 TO 2012
- TB 609 2015 Study of Converter Transients Imposed on the HVDC Converter Transformers
- TB 604 2014 Guide for the Development of Models for HVDC Converters in a HVDC Grid
- TB 590 2014 B4-04 Protocol for reporting the operational performance of HVDC Transmission Systems
- TB 563 2013 B4-38 Modelling and Simulation Studies to be performed during the lifecycle of HVDC Systems
- TB 554 2013 B4-49 Performance Evaluation and Applications Review of Existing Thyristor Control Series Capacitor Devices – TCSC
- TB 553 2013 B4-47 Special Aspects of AC Filter Design for HVDC Systems
- TB 536 2013 C4/B4/C1.604 Influence of Embedded HVDC Transmission on System Security and AC Network Performance
- TB 533 2013 B4-52 HVDC Grid Feasibility Study
- TB 508 2012 B4-44 HVDC Environmental Planning Guidelines
- TB 492 2012 B4-46 Voltage Source Converter (VSC) HVDC for Power Transmission - Economic Aspects and Comparison with other AC and DC Technologies
- TB 447 2011 B4-48 Components Testing of VSC System for HVDC Applications
- TB 417 2010 B4-45 Technological Assessment of 800kV HVDC Applications
- TB 407 2010 JWG A2/B4.28 HVDC Converter Transformers - Guidelines for conducting design reviews for HVDC converter transformers
- TB 406 2010 JWG A2/B4.28 HVDC Converter Transformers - Design review, test procedures, ageing evaluation and reliability in service
- TB 388 2009 JWG B2/B4/C1.17 IMPACTS OF HVDC LINES ON THE ECONOMICS OF HVDC PROJECTS
- TB 371 2009 WG B4.40 Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC)
- TB 370 2009WG B4.39 Integration of large Scale Wind Generation using HVDC and Power Electronics
- TB 364 2008 WG B4.41 Systems with multiple DC Infeed
- TB 352 2008 WG B4.34 Capacitor Commutated Converted (CCC) HVDC Interconnections: Digital modeling and Benchmark Circuit
- TB 337 2007 JWG B4/A3/B3.43 Increased System Efficiency by Use of New Generations of Power Semiconductors
- TB 280 2005 SC B4 WG B4.33 HVDC and FACTS for distribution systems
- TB 269 2005 SC B4 WG B4.37 VSC Transmission
- TB 242 2004 SC B4 WG B4.35 Thyristor controlled voltage regulators: Parts 1 and 2
- TB 240 2004 SC B4/A2 JTF B4.04/A2.01 Analysis of HVDC thyristor converter transformer performance
- TB 237 2003 SC B4 WG B4.19 Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) for arc furnace and flicker compensation
- TB 223 2003 SC B4 WG B4.28 Active filters in HVDC applications
- TB 222 2003 SC B4 WG B4.05 On voltage and power stability in AC/DC systems
- TB 215 2002 SC 14 WG 14.32 HVDC converter stations for voltages above +/- 600 kV
- TB 205 2002 SC 14 WG 14.31 Custom power - State of the art.
- TB 202 2002 SC 14 WG 14.26 HVDC stations audible noise
- TB 186 2001 SC 14 WG 14.20 Economic assessment of HVDC links
- TB 183 2001 SC 14/37/38/39 JWG 14/37/38/39.24 FACTS technology for open access
- TB 160 2000 SC 14 WG 14.27 Unified power flow controller (UPFC)
- TB 149 1999 SC 14 WG 14.29 Coordination of controls of multiple FACTS/HVDC links in the same system.
- TB 144 1999 SC 14 WG 14.19 Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM)
- TB 143 1999 SC 14 WG 14.25 Cross-modulation of harmonics in HVDC schemes
- TB 139 1999 SC 14 WG 14.30 Guide to the specification and design evaluation of AC filters for HVDC systems.
- TB 136 1999 SC 14 TF 14.01.04 Fire aspects of HVDC thyristor valves and valve halls.
- TB 130 1998 SC 14 WG 14.23 Operational guidelines and monitoring of HVDC systems
- TB 127 1998 SC 14 WG 14.11 Guide for upgrading transmission systems with HVDC transmission
- TB 123 1997 SC 14 WG 14.18 Thyristor controlled series compensation
- TB 119 1997 SC 14 WG 14.05 Interaction between HVDC convertors and nearby synchronous machines.
- TB 116 1997 SC 11/14 JWG 11/14.09 Guide for preliminary design and specification of hydro stations with HVDC unit connected generators.
- TB 115 1997 SC 14 WG 14.07 Guide for planning DC links terminating at AC system locations having low short-circuit capacities. Part II : Planning guidelines.
- TB 114 1997 SC 13/14 WG 13/14.08 Circuit-breakers for meshed multiterminal HVDC system.
- TB 113 1997 SC 14 WG 14.01.03 Test circuits for HVDC thyristor valves.
- TB 112 1997 SC 14 WG 14.17 Semiconductor power devices for use in HVDC and FACTS controllers.
- TB 103 1996 SC 14 WG 14.05 Commutation failures. Causes and consequences.
- TB 097 1995 SC 14 WG 14.12 System tests for HVDC installations.
- TB 093 1995 SC 14 WG 14.01.02 Guidelines for testing of thyristor valves for static var compensators.
- TB 092 1995 SC 14 WG 14.03.02 DC side harmonics and filtering in HVDC transmission systems
- TB 086 1994 SC 33 /21/14 JWG 33/21/14.16 Overvoltages on HVDC cables.
- TB 082 1994 SC 38 WG 38.01.05 Use of DC converters for VAR control.
- TB 078 1994 SC 14 WG 14.01.02 Voltage and current stresses on thyristor valves for static var compensators.
- TB 077 1993 SC 38 WG 38.05.04 Analysis and optimisation of SVC use in transmission systems.
- TB 068 1992 SC 14 WG 14.07 Guide for planning DC links terminating at AC locations having low short-circuit capacities. Part 1. AC/DC interaction phenomena.
- TB 065 1992 SC 14 WG 14.03 AC harmonic filters and reactive compensation for HVDC with particular reference to noncharacteristic harmonics.
- TB 051 1996 SC 38 WG 38.01.06 Load flow control in high voltage systems using FACTS controllers.
- TB 034 1989 SC 33/14 JWG 33/14.05 Guidelines for the applications of metal oxide arresters without gaps for HVDC converter stations.
- TB 025 1986 SC 38 TF 38.01.02 Static var compensators.
- TB 003 1987 SC 14 WG 14.04 Compendium of HVDC schemes throughout the world.
- TB 000 1994 SC 14 WG 14.02 A summary of the report on survey of controls and control performance in HVDC schemes.
- Session papers
- Other Documents
- SC Library
- Documents related to the development of HVDC Grids
TB 563 2013 B4-38 Modelling and Simulation Studies to be performed during the lifecycle of HVDC Systems
The purpose of this CIGRE TB is to provide an overview of the simulation tools, models and study procedures typically required at different stages of the lifecycle of an HVDC system. The document classifies the lifecycle of HVDC into five main phases: studies for planning and preparation of technical specification of an HVDC project; studies performed during bid process; post award studies; studies performed for commissioning, studies over the operational life of the HVDC system. For each stage the brochure presents the objectives, required input data and results of the main simulation studies as well as discusses the study related responsibilities between the entities involved to the HVDC project. The brochure also presents examples how the main simulation tools presented in the brochure are applied for HVDC lifecycle related studies.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Purpose of the Guide
Simulation Studies for HVDC Systems over their Lifecycle
Steady State Power Flow
Electromagnetic Transients (EMT)
Real Time Simulation (RTS
Short Circuit Calculation
Small Signal Analysis (Eigen analysis)
Other Study Tools
1 Scope of the Guide
1.2 Purpose of the Guide
1.3 Brochure Overview, by Chapter
1.4 Reference list of CIGRE Material
2 Introduction to Simulation Studies for HVDC Systems over their Lifecycle
2.1 Studies for Planning and Preparation of Technical Specification of an HVDC project
2.2 Studies performed during bid process
2.3 Post Award Studies
2.3.1 Equipment Rating Studies
2.3.2 System integration Studies
2.3.3 Factory Acceptance Tests
2.4 Studies at the Commissioning Stage of an HVDC project
2.5 Studies performed during the Operational Life of HVDC System
2.5.1 Transmission network planning and operational studies
2.5.2 Post‐disturbance analysis and remedial repair
2.5.3 Pre‐specification and specification studies for new transmission or generation
equipment or for refurbishment projects
3 Modelling Tools
3.1 Steady State Power Flow
3.1.1 Model Capability
3.1.2 AC Modelling Aspects
3.1.3 HVDC modelling Aspects
3.1.4 Use of the Model
3.2 Transient Stability
3.2.1 Model Capability
3.2.2 AC Modelling Aspects
3.2.3 HVDC modelling Aspects
3.2.4 Use of the Model
3.3 Electromagnetic Transients (EMT)
3.3.1 Model Capability
3.3.2 AC Modelling Requirements
3.3.3 HVDC Modelling Requirements
3.3.4 Use of the Model
3.4 Real Time Simulation (RTS)
3.4.1 Model Capability and Usage
3.4.2 Modelling Requirements
3.4.3 Use of the Model
3.5 Harmonic Studies
3.5.1 Model Capability
3.5.2 System Modelling Requirements
3.5.3 Use of the Model
3.6 AC short circuit calculation
3.6.1 Model Capability
3.6.2 AC and DC System Modelling Requirements
3.6.3 Model Usage
3.7 Small signal analysis (eigenvalue analysis)
3.7.1 Model Capability
3.7.2 AC and DC System Modelling Requirements
3.7.3 Model Usage
3.8 Other Study Tools
4 Studies for Planning and Preparation of Technical Specification of an HVDC project
4.1 Process overview
4.1.1 Who's responsible for the studies and why?
4.2 Power flow for system adequacy studies
4.2.1 On target and key outputs of the study
4.2.2 Transmission Network Modelling Details
4.3 Short circuit calculation
4.3.1 On target and key outputs of the study
4.3.2 Transmission Network Modelling Details
4.4 Preliminary analysis of dynamic stability
4.4.1 On target and key outputs of the study
4.4.2 Transmission network modelling details
4.4.3 HVDC system modelling details
4.5 Harmonic studies
4.5.1 On target and key outputs of the study
4.5.2 System Modelling Details
5 Studies performed during bid process
5.1 Process overview
5.1.1 Who's responsible for the studies and why?
5.2 Rating Studies
5.2.1 Main Scheme Parameters
5.2.2 Reactive Power
5.2.3 AC Harmonic Filtering
5.2.4 DC Harmonic Filtering
5.2.5 Insulation Co‐ordination
5.3 Interaction Studies
5.3.1 Dynamic Performance Study
6 Post award studies
6.1 Process overview
6.1.1 Who's responsible for the studies and why?
6.2 Equipment and Subsystem Design and Rating Studies
6.2.1 Main Circuit Design
6.2.2 Reactive Power
6.2.3 AC Harmonic Filtering
6.2.4 DC Harmonic Filtering
6.2.5 Insulation Co‐ordination
6.3 Interaction Studies
6.3.1 Dynamic Performance Study using EMT software
6.3.2 Transient Stability Study using RMS software
6.3.3 Impact of HVDC converter on subsynchronous damping (HVDC SSTI study)
6.4 Factory Acceptance Tests for Control and Protection
7 Studies at the Commissioning Stage of an HVDC project
7.1 Process overview
7.1.1 Who's responsible for the studies and why?
7.2 Switching AC side filters and transformers
7.2.1 Objectives and key outputs of the study
7.2.2 Transmission Network Modelling Details
7.3 Commutation failure test
7.3.1 Objectives and key outputs of the study
7.3.2 System Modelling Details
7.4 Performance of the controls applied for damping improvement
7.4.1 Objectives and key outputs of the study
7.4.2 System Modelling Details
7.5 AC and DC system fault tests
7.5.1 Objectives and key outputs of the study
7.5.2 System Modelling Details
8 Studies over the Operational Life of the HVDC System
8.1 Process overview
8.1.1 Who's responsible for the studies and why?
8.2 Transmission network planning and operational studies
8.3 Post‐disturbance analysis (model validation studies)
8.4 Pre‐specification studies of new transmission and generation equipment
9 Model maintainability
9.1.1 Who's responsible to upkeep models
9.2 Approaches to model maintainability
9.2.1 Black‐box models
9.2.2 Provision of the source code
9.2.3 Simplified response models to complement detailed models
9.2.4 Replica of control and protection systems cubicles
9.3 Future prospects on the field of HVDC modelling and model maintainability
10 Example Studies
10.1 Rio Madeira HVDC transmission system
10.1.2 Pre‐bid phase studies
10.1.3 Bid specification phase
10.1.4 After Bid studies
10.2 Nelson River Bipole 1 Valve Replacement Project: Application of EMT Simulation for the Solution
of HVDC Control Problems
10.2.1 Nelson River Bipole 1 System Description
10.2.2 Extinction Angle Control Concept
10.2.3 Proposed Modifications
10.2.4 Overview of EMT Modelling
10.3 The digital simulator of the Vyborg HVDC back‐to‐back station
10.3.1 Main features of Vyborg HVDC back‐to‐back station
10.3.2 Vyborg HVDC station Power Flows Controller
10.3.3 The embedded digital simulator
10.4 Refurbishment Project of Hokkaido‐Honshu HVDC Link with Multiple Vendor Scheme
11 Summary and Concluding Remarks
Appendix A ‐ Network Configuration for Study Examples
Appendix B ‐ Load Flow Calculation
Appendix C ‐ Stability Studies
Appendix D ‐ Performance of the HVDC System (EMT Software)
Appendix E ‐ Short circuit analysis
Appendix F ‐ AC System Harmonic Impedance
Appendix G ‐ Small signal analysis
Appendix H ‐ Real Time Simulator
Appendix I ‐ Step by step calculation of a HVDC system