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TB 183 2001 SC 14/37/38/39 JWG 14/37/38/39.24 FACTS technology for open access

Summary of the present state of the art on the key technological developments in the FACTS area, addressing in particular the open access aspects of networks and the scope for the application of FACTS devices therein. Contains the approved terms of reference. Definition of FACTS includes conventional devices such as phase shifting transformers, series capacitors and HVDC links for completeness and the possibility of combining them with FACTS devices to improve HVAC transmission system flexibility and control.

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TABLE OF CONTENS

1 FACTS TECHNOLOGY

      1.1 Introduction

      1.2 FACTS devices summary

      1.3 Thyristor controlled series capacitors, TCSC

      1.4 Static Var Compensator, SVC

      1.5 Static Compensator, STATCOM

      1.6 Static Synchronous Series Compensator, SSSC

      1.7 Unified Power Flow Controller, UPFC

      1.8 Switched Series Capacitor, MSSC or TSSC

      1.9 Phase Shifting Transformer, PST, IPC, TCPAR

      1.10 High Voltage Direct Current, HVDC

      1.11 Thyristor Controlled Braking Resistor, TCBR

      1.12 Concluding Remarks

2 FACTS APPLICATIONS

      2.1 Introduction

      2.2 TCSC- Slatt, USA

      2.3 TCSC -Kayenta, USA

      2.4 svc – Harker, UK

      2.5 MSSC – Kanawa Riever, USA

      2.6 TSCS – Stode, Sweden

      2.7 STATCOM – East Claydon, UK

      2.8 TCSC – North South Interconnection, Brazil

      2.9 Relocatable SVCs, UK

      2.10 SVC Light

      2.11 Phase shifting transformers, UK

      2.12 HVDC sea cable between Norway and Central Europe

      2.13 STATCOM – Sullivan, USA

      2.14 UPFC – Inez, USA

      2.15 CSC – Marcey, USA

      2.16 SVC – Forbes, USA

3 PLANNING METHODS AND SIMULATION TOOLS

      3.1 Introduction

      3.2 Specific Driving Forces for FACTS Investigations

      3.3 Time Frame considered for FACTS Investigations

      3.4 Main Planning Criteria

      3.5 Planning Tools

4 FACTS AND OPEN ACCESS NETWORKS – CASE STUDIES

      4.1 Introduction

      4.2 State of Deregulation with Respect to Open Access

      4.3 Unique requirements for Open Access Net works and how FACTS can help

      4.4 Case Studies

5 OPEN ACCESS AND LARGE SYSTEMS

      5.1 Introduction

      5.2 Use of FACTS for National Open Access

      5.3 International Scale Open Access and FACTS

      5.4 Tentative Conclusions

6 ECONOMICS OF DEVICES

      6.1 Introduction

      6.2 FACTS controllers – Estimated Specific Costs

      6.3 Conclusions

7 CONCLUSIONS